On the Cape, great whites are everywhere.
Not just in the water, but on bumper stickers and license plates and shark-themed drinks made with red syrup. The Monomoy Regional School District proudly advertises itself as âHome of the Sharks.â The Shark Bah at a Brewster resort serves a Dorsal Fin salad with romaine hearts and asiago cheese.
âOur âsharkinessâ has become a cottage industry,â said Wendy Northcross, president of the Cape Cod Chamber of Commerce, noting peopleâs morbid fascination with the increasing great white activity in recent years.
But now that someone has been killed, âWeâre in uncharted territory,â she said.
The death of a 26-year-old man from Revere, and the escalating number of sightings before that, has driven some in the tourism industry to start rethinking how they profit from sharks. At the Chatham Clothing Barâs Monday staff meeting, talk centered on whether they should alter the line of shark-themed apparel, maybe removing the phrase âShark Biteâ from a T-shirt sleeve, or replacing it with âSharks Bite.â
âWe need to be sensitive because there may be people who come in and say, âWhatâs with all the shark gear here?â â said assistant manager Coco Moran.
Justin Labdon, a Harwich beach chair manufacturer who started the Chatham Whites clothing line in 2010, currently has no plans to redesign his T-shirts and hats featuring a smiling shark, but that could change.
âIf kids start getting killed, or if these shark attacks start happening more regularly, I might have to look at the situation again,â he said.
Labdon, a former avid surfer, rarely goes out on the ocean side these days because of sharks, and heâd prefer that his daughters, 11 and 12, not take up surfing. Labdon rents paddleboards at his shop, and when people ask about sharks â as they almost always do â he recommends sticking to the bays, harbors, or ponds.
âThe reality has hit, especially with this recent death,â he said. âItâs a tipping point.â
So far, the Capeâs tourism numbers have not dropped as shark activity has increased, and the numbers were actually up over last June and July. (August data arenât available yet.) After the attack in Truro in August, hotel guests called to ask about sharks, but didnât cancel, according to the chamber, which is planning to increase its efforts to educate people about how to stay safe.
Still, for some locals, anxiety is growing and business is dropping.
Marc Angelillo, a seasoned surfer and surf equipment salesman based in Orleans, said some retail owners are seeing big dips in surfboard and wetsuit sales, which they attribute to a fear of great whites.
âWe need to be sensitive because there may be people who come in and say, âWhatâs with all the shark gear here?â â
Angelillo, who is out on the water more than 200 times a year, has scrambled to shore at least 15 times this summer due to sharks. Last year, he said, a shark hit his board and spun him around.
Angelillo said the increased shark activity has changed his ârelaxed, soulful attitudeâ about surfing, and he spends more of his time at the beach educating surfers and looking for fins as part of an unofficial âoffshore water patrol.â Heâs taken to carrying a whistle, and has pulled several people out of harmâs way, including a 10-year-old boy. Inexperienced surfers who frequently slip off their boards are at particular risk.
âYou cannot fall in these waters now,â Angelillo said, noting that scientists, environmentalists, and water enthusiasts need to work together to come up with solutions, whether itâs driving away seals, monitoring the water with drones, increasing communication with first responders, keeping lifeguards on duty after Labor Day, or putting up nets to keep sharks out. âThings have to be in place for this spring. Otherwise weâre looking at another catastrophe.â
In a place where everything revolves around the ocean, and the tourists it brings, locals are wondering what will become of their livelihoods â and their way of life.
In the past, water enthusiasts have been almost complacent about the presence of sharks, said Matt Rivers, owner of the Pump House Surf Shop. But thatâs changing. More people are paddle boarding, because their feet donât dangle in the water, and fewer people are venturing out on the water alone.
âItâs the end of an era of how weâve been looking at the water,â he said. âItâs not a joke anymore.â
At the Sickday surf shop in Wellfleet, last weekâs fatality drove owner Olaf Valli to order several shark defense mechanisms that disrupt the electrical receptors in sharksâ snouts. One is a magnet that surfers can wear on their ankles, although it hasnât been fully tested on great whites, Valli said. The other is a device that emits strong electrical pulses.
The demand for surfing lessons usually drops after attacks occur, Valli said â and when âShark Weekâ is on the air.
Still, sharks remain a huge draw for tourists, and the recent incidents might attract even more, said Austin Proudfoot, a charter boat captain and manager of North Chatham Outfitters, where an aerial photo of a great white swimming away after attacking a seal is on prominent display. People on charter fishing expeditions are often hoping to see a shark, he said. And sometimes they get a closer encounter than they bargained for. A few days after the fatality in Wellfleet, a great white snatched a striped bass off a fishing line on a charter boat captained by Proudfootâs uncle.
Proudfoot, who grew up on the Cape, said he no longer swims in salt water, at least not on the ocean side. But some tourists are less cautious.
Brits Howard Bennett and Jane Lilley, in the midst of a weekâs stay in Barnstable, said the shark attacks havenât dampened their enthusiasm for the area. If anything, the sharks are a selling point, Bennett said.
âI think itâs intriguing,â he said, noting that he would swim in the ocean after heâd done some research.
Lilley doesnât swim but said sheâd love to see a shark: âHalf of the places you visit these days, itâs people you have to be afraid of.â